Low-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear - Part 4-1: Contactors and Motor-Starters - Electromechanical Contactors and Motor-Starters
This part of IEC 60947 applies to the types of equipment listed in 1.1.1 and 1.1.2 whose main contacts are intended to be connected to circuits the rated voltage of which does not exceed 1 000 V a.c. or 1 500 V d.c.
Starters and/or contactors dealt with in this standard are not normally designed to interrupt short-circuit currents. Therefore, suitable short-circuit protection (see 9.3.4) forms part of the installation but not necessarily of the contactor or the starter.
In this context, this standard gives requirements for:
- contactors associated with overload and/or short-circuit protective devices;
- starters associated with separate short-circuit protective devices and/or with separate short-circuit and integrated overload protective devices;
- contactors or starters combined, under specified conditions, with their own short-circuit protective devices. Such combinations, e.g. combination starters or protected starters are rated as units.
For circuit-breakers and fuse-combination units used as short-circuit protective devices in combination starters and in protected starters, the requirements of IEC 60947-2 and IEC 60947-3 respectively apply.
Equipment covered by this standard is as follows.
1.1DV.1 Circuit breakers used as short-circuit protective devices in combination starters and protected starters shall comply with the requirements of Annex dva, Table dva.3, Ref. No. 3. IEC 60947-2, does not apply.
1.1DV.2 Disconnect switches shall comply with the requirements of Annex dva, Table dva.3, Ref. No 1. The Standard for Low-voltage Switchgear and Controlgear - Part 3: Switches, disconnectors, switch-disconnectors and fuse combination units, IEC 60947-3, does not apply.
1.1DV.3 Fuses used as short-circuit protective devices in combination and protected starters shall comply with the requirements of Annex dva, Table dva.3, Ref. No. 2.
1.1DV.4 Molded case switches in combination with fuses used as short-circuit protective devices in combination starters shall comply with the requirements of Annex dva, Table dva.3, Ref. No. 3, and Annex dva, Table dva.3, Ref. No. 2.
AC and DC contactors intended for closing and opening electric circuits and, if combined with suitable relays (see 1.1.2), for protecting these circuits against operating overloads which may occur therein.
NOTE?For contactors combined with suitable relays and which are intended to provide short-circuit protection, the relevant conditions specified for circuit-breakers ( IEC 60947-2) additionally apply.
This standard applies also to the actuators of contactor relays and to the contacts dedicated exclusively to the coil circuit of a contactor.
Contactors or starters with an electronically controlled electromagnet are also covered by this standard.
The note reference to IEC 60947-2 does not apply.
This standard also applies to manual controllers.
AC motor-starters intended to start and accelerate motors to normal speed, to ensure continuous operation of motors, to switch off the supply from the motor and to provide means for the protection of motors and associated circuits against operating overloads.
For overload relays for starters, including those based on electronic technology with or without extended functions according to Annex h, the requirements of this standard apply.
Direct-on-line starters intended to start and accelerate a motor to normal speed, to provide means for the protection of the motor and its associated circuits against operating overloads, and to switch off the supply from the motor.
This standard applies also to reversing starters.
Reduced voltage a.c. starters intended to start and accelerate a motor to normal speed by connecting the line voltage across the motor terminals in more than one step or by gradually increasing the voltage applied to the terminals, to provide means for the protection of the motor and its associated circuits against operating overloads, and to switch off the supply from the motor.
Automatic change-over devices may be used to control the successive switching operations from one step to the others. Such automatic change-over devices are, for example, time-delay contactor relays or specified time all-or-nothing relays, under-current devices and automatic acceleration control devices (see 5.10).
Star-delta starters intended to start a three-phase motor in the star connection, to ensure continuous operation in the delta connection, to provide means for the protection of the motor and its associated circuits against operating overloads, and to switch off the supply from the motor.
The star-delta starters dealt with in this standard are not intended for reversing motors rapidly and, therefore, utilization category AC-4 does not apply.
NOTE?In the star connection, the current in the line and the torque of the motor are about one-third of the corresponding values for delta connection. Therefore, star-delta starters are used when the inrush current due to the starting is to be limited, or when the driven machine requires a limited torque for starting. Figure 1 indicates typical curves of starting current, of starting torque of the motor and of torque of the driven machine.
Two-step auto-transformer starters, intended to start and accelerate an a.c. induction motor from rest with reduced torque to normal speed and to provide means for the protection of the motor and its associated circuits against operating overloads, and to switch off the supply from the motor.
This standard applies to auto-transformers which are part of the starter or which constitute a unit specially designed to be associated with the starter.
Auto-transformer starters with more than two steps are not covered by this standard.
The auto-transformer starters dealt with in this standard are not intended for inching duty or reversing motors rapidly and, therefore, utilization category AC-4 does not apply.
NOTE?In the starting position, the current in the line and the torque of the motor related to the motor starting with rated voltage are reduced approximately as the square of the ratio (starting voltage):(rated voltage). Therefore, auto-transformer starters are used when the inrush current due to the starting is to be limited or when the driven machine requires a limited torque for starting. Figure 2 indicates typical curves of starting current, of starting torque of the motor and of torque of the driven machine.
Starters intended to start an a.c. induction motor having a wound rotor by cutting out resistors previously inserted in the rotor circuit, to provide means for the protection of the motor against operating overloads and to switch off the supply from the motor.
In the case of asynchronous slip-ring motors (wound-rotors), the highest voltage between open slip-rings is not greater than twice the rated insulation voltage of the switching devices inserted in the rotor circuit (see 18.104.22.168.2).
NOTE?This requirement is based on the fact that the electric stresses are less severe in the rotor than in the stator and are of short duration.
This standard applies also to starters for two directions of rotation when reversal of connections is made with the motor stopped (see 22.214.171.124). Operations including inching and plugging necessitate additional requirements and are subject to agreement between manufacturer and user.
This standard applies to resistors which are part of the starter or constitute a unit specially designed to be associated with the starter.
This standard does not apply to:
- d.c. starters;
- star-delta starters, rheostatic rotor starters, two-step auto-transformer starters intended for special applications and designed for continuous operation in the starting position;
- unbalanced rheostatic rotor starters, i.e. where the resistances do not have the same value in all phases;
- equipment designed not only for starting, but also for adjustment of speed;
- liquid starters and those of the "liquid-vapour" type;
- semiconductor contactors and starters making use of semiconductor contactors in the main circuit;
- rheostatic stator starters;
- contactors or starters designed for special applications;
- auxiliary contacts of contactors and contacts of contactor relays. These are dealt with in IEC 60947-5-1.
The object of this standard is to state:
a) the characteristics of contactors and starters and associated equipment;
b) the conditions applicable to contactors and starters with reference to:
1) their operation and behaviour,
2) their dielectric properties,
3) the degrees of protection provided by their enclosures, where applicable,
4) their construction;
c) the tests intended for confirming that these conditions have been met, and the methods to be adopted for these tests;
d) the information to be given with the equipment or in the manufacturer's literature.
- UL Harmonized Standard Title Page
- Table of Contents
- IEC Foreword
- Low-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear - Part 4-1: Contactors and Motor-Starters - Electromechanical Contactors and Motor-Starters
- 1 Scope and object
- 1.1 Scope
- 1.1.2 AC motor-starters
- 1.2 Exclusions
- 1.3 Object
- 2 Normative references
- 3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviations
- 3.1 General
- 3.2 Alphabetical index of terms
- 3.3 Terms and definitions concerning contactors
- 3.4 Terms and definitions concerning starters
- 3.5 Terms and definitions concerning characteristic quantities
- 3.6 Symbols and abbreviations
- 4 Classification
- 5 Characteristics of contactors and starters
- 5.1 Summary of characteristics
- 5.2 Type of equipment
- 5.3 Rated and limiting values for main circuits
- 5.4 Utilization category
- 5.5 Control circuits
- 5.6 Auxiliary circuits
- 5.7 Characteristics of relays and releases (overload relays)
- 5.8 Co-ordination with short-circuit protective devices
- 5.9 Void
- 5.10 Types and characteristics of automatic change-over devices and automatic acceleration control devices
- 5.11 Types and characteristics of auto-transformers for two-step auto-transformer starters
- 5.12 Types and characteristics of starting resistors for rheostatic rotor starters
- 6 Product information
- 6.1 Nature of information
- 6.2 Marking
- 6.3 Instructions for installation, operation and maintenance
- 7 Normal service, mounting and transport conditions
- 8 Constructional and performance requirements
- 8.1 Constructional requirements
- 8.2 Performance requirements
- 8.3 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
- 9 Tests
- 9.1 Kinds of test
- 9.2 Compliance with constructional requirements
- 9.3 Compliance with performance requirements
- 9.4 EMC Tests
- 1 Scope and object
- Annex A (normative)Marking and identification of terminals of contactors and associated overload relays
- Annex B(normative)Special tests
- Annex CVoid
- Annex D(informative)Items subject to agreement between manufacturer and user
- Annex E (informative)Examples of control circuit configurations
- Annex F (normative)Requirements for auxiliary contact linked with power contact (mirror contact)
- Annex G (informative)Rated operational currents and rated operational powers of switching devices for electrical motors
- Annex H (normative) Extended functions within electronic overload relays
- Annex I (informative) AC1 contactors for use with semiconductor controlled motor loads
- Annex JVoid
- Annex K (normative) Procedure to determine data for electromechanical contactors used in functional safety applications
- Annex DVA (normative) Reference Standards
- Annex DVB (informative)Standards for Components
- Annex DVC (normative) Combination Controllers, Combination Motor Controllers and Manual Motor Controllers
- Annex DVD (normative) Clearance and creepage distances for low voltage contactors and starters
- Edition Number: 3
- Edition Date: 04/04/2014
- Price Code: F
- Type: ulcsaiec
- ANSI Approved: 04/04/2014
- DOD Approved: —